As Queen Beatrix plans to abdicate in just a few short months, there will be many changes taking place behind the scenes, in order to prepare for a new King.
On the same day that the Queen abdicates, His Royal Highness the Prince of Orange will become King Willem-Alexander, and Her Royal Highness Princess Máxima of the Netherlands will become Queen Máxima. As soon as the Prince of Orange ascends the throne, his eldest child, Her Royal Highness Princess Catharina-Amalia, will be the first in line to the throne. She will then become the Princess of Orange. After abdicating, Queen Beatrix will be called Her Royal Highness Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands.
In the late 17th century, England was experiencing a revolution - the Glorious Revolution, in fact. The English monarch at the time was James II of England, a Catholic who was disliked for his religious tolerance and close ties to France (well, that's certainly understandable!).
King James II's 25 year old daughter, Mary, was the heir presumptive until the King's son was born in 1688. James Francis Edward Stuart was born in June of that year, surpassing the Protestant Mary in the line of succession. Now, because Catholics are obviously evil, the politicians of the time decided that a Roman Catholic dynasty was simply not acceptable.
Lawmakers in the UK made history today by voting unanimously to change the succession laws which have, until this time, only allowed a female to inherit the throne if she has no living brothers and no deceased brothers who left surviving legitimate descendants (referred to as male-preference primogeniture). The changes voted on today also include allowing members of the royal family to marry a Roman Catholic without giving up their position within the line of succession, and reforming the requirement for all descendants of George II to seek the consent of the monarch before being legally wed.